University of Pittsburgh
September 5, 2005

International Experts Convene at Pitt to Discuss Immigration Policy in The Post-9/11 World

Governments, corporations, and educational institutions face new dilemmas, obstacles, and restrictions
Contact:  412-624-4147

PITTSBURGH—Immigration experts from as far away as Russia, France, and Germany will compare the new dynamics in immigration policy in the United States, the European Union, and Russia, and its impact on such issues as national security, economics, and civil liberties in a free workshop at the Pittsburgh Athletic Association Sept. 9 and 10 titled "Immigration Policy Post-9/11." Reservations are required for workshop attendees: Call 412-648-7434 or visit www.fordinstitute.pitt.edu for more information.

This workshop is the inaugural event in a project entitled "Comparative Immigration Policy and Global Security," underwritten by the Ford Foundation and organized by the University of Pittsburgh's Ford Institute for Human Security (FIHS) in conjunction with the Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques (Sciences Po). A second workshop is scheduled to be hosted by Sciences Po in Paris in the spring of 2006.

"Immigration policy was arguably the central fulcrum of political debate before 9/11 in Western Europe," said Simon Reich, director of FIHS and professor of international affairs in Pitt's Graduate School of Public and International Affairs (GSPIA). "But the same was not true of the United States. Now, as a direct consequence of the terrorism attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, the distinction in agendas is far less clear.

"With images of subway and bus attacks in London, the Madrid bombing, and the Beslan grammar school massacre fresh in the public consciousness, policy debates among many G-8 countries are focusing on the relationship between immigration and national security," Reich added.

The workshop will explore the intensified scrutiny of immigration, including how to distinguish legitimate refugees and asylum seekers from potential terrorists. Experts also will discuss the legal and social barriers legitimate immigrants face; the tension between preserving civil liberties and achieving greater national security; and the mounting problems the educational, corporate, and scientific communities are encountering attracting and retaining foreign talent.

In addition to the Ford Foundation, Sciences Po, and FIHS, the workshop is cosponsored by the following Pitt schools and centers: GSPIA, University Center for International Studies (UCIS), Ridgway Center for International Security Studies, Center for Russian and East European Studies, Center for West European Studies (CWES), European Union Center, and International Business Center in the Joseph M. Katz Graduate School of Business.

The Sept. 9 panel discussions, presenters, and topics are:

Panel I: "New Regulations and New Institutional Structures," chaired by Alberta Sbragia, director of CWES/European Union Center at UCIS and a professor of political science.

Presenters:

• Jolyon Howorth, professor of political science, Yale University, "European Security and Counter-Terrorism Post 9/11";

• Anil Kalhan, associate-in-law, Columbia University, Immigration Enforcement and Federalism: The United States after September 11"; and

• Martin Schain, codirector of the European Union Center of New York and a professor of politics, New York University, "New Rules on Immigration in the United States and Europe: The Illusion of Convergence."

Panel II: "Internal Security and Immigration Policies," chaired by Janne Nolan, deputy director of the Ridgway Center for International Security Studies, professor of international security in GSPIA, and codirector of the Institute for the Study of Diplomacy Working Group on Dissent, Intelligence Failures, and Strategic Surprise at Georgetown University.

Presenters:

• Jennifer Chacon, professor of law, University of California at Davis, "Constructing the 'Criminal Alien': The Synergistic Role of Immigration and the Criminal Law Defining the Threat Within";

• H. Richard Friman, director of the Institute for Transnational Justice and the Eliot Fitch Professor of International Studies, Marquette University, "Migration and Security: Crime, Terror, and the Politics of Order"; and

• Kamal Sadiq, assistant professor of political science, University of California at Irvine, "Undermining Homeland Security: The Ignored Role of Documents in Illegal Immigration."

The Sept. 10 panel discussions, presenters, and topics are:

Panel III: "Identity Politics," chaired by John Markoff, chair of the Department of Sociology and professor of sociology, history, and political science at Pitt.

Presenters:

• Riva Kastoryano, researcher, CERI, Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, "Redefining Community and Territory After 9/11";

• Jonathan Laurence, visiting fellow at the Center on the United States and Europe, Brookings Institution, and doctoral fellow, Harvard University, "Integrating Islam: Muslims and the State in Western Europe"; and

• Ilya Prizel, research professor of East European Studies, Center for Russian and East European Studies, UCIS, "Identity Discourse in the United States, Western Europe, and Russia Following 9/11."

Panel IV: "Civil Liberties," chaired by William W. Keller, director of the Ridgway

Center for International Security Studies and Wesley W. Posvar Chair in International

Security Studies, University of Pittsburgh.

Presenters:

• Elena Baylis, assistant professor of law, School of Law, University of Pittsburgh, "Asylum and Security";

• Didier Bigo, director, Centre for the Study of Conflict, and researcher, CERI, Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, "The Emergence of Common Sense: Global Terrorism, Global (in)Security and Its Relation to Migration and 'Open' Borders. When the United States and Europe Forget Their Roots";

• Ariane Chebel d'Appollonia, researcher, CEVIPOF, Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, "Immigration and Discrimination in the EU"; and

• Michael Minkenberg, vice president for international affairs and professor of political science, University of Viadrina, Germany, "Religion, Immigration, and the Politics of Multiculturalism: A 19-Country Comparison."

Panel V: "Impact on Labor, Economic Policies and Competitiveness," chaired by Gary Freeman, professor of government, University of Texas at Austin.

Presenters:

• Allan Goodman, director and CEO, Institute of International Education, "Why America Needs the World";

• Lawrence Lebowitz, director and chair of the immigration group, Cohen & Grigsby, P.C., and adjunct professor of law, School of Law, University of Pittsburgh, "The Direct and Indirect Impact of 9/11 on Employment-Based Immigration"; and

• Grigory Ioffe, professor of geography, Radford University, and Zhanna Zayonchkovskaya, director, Migration Laboratory, Institute for Economic Forecasting, Centre for Demography and Human Ecology, Russian Academy of Sciences, "Outgoing Migration from Russia and the Rest of the CIS."

The panel discussions will be followed by a roundtable discussion chaired by Reich.

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